How not to kill your clothes

Everything you have to know now

There is a simple reason why I made this article.

I want to give you a very good example: When you buy a car you get a manual that explains every function of the car. How to use it and how to take care of it.

Why in the world are clothing producers not doing the same? They simply don't explain how to do it right and all the mistakes you can make and you should avoid at any cost. Especially when you buy high end clothes.

 

My recomendations come from my own experience. I am constantly testing and using all the fabrics I mention in the article. If you experience something different tell me. I want to create the best article possible for you.

You can also get this article as a potcast in case you want to hear it.

Content table

 

All laundry symbols explained

Iron symbol tips

Dry cleaning symbol tips

bleaching symbol tips
tumble dryer symbol tips

 

 

How to iron 

How to wash clothes in the washing machine

How to wash colored clothes

How to wash things by hand

How to bleach

How to dry clothes faster

Drying with a tumble dryer


CASHMERE

What is cashmere

Cashmere VS Merino
Can you wash cashmere

How to wash cashmere

Does cashmere shrink

Can I put cashmere in the dryer
 

 

Merino wool
What is merino wool
Does merino wool shrink

 

Wool
What is wool
how to wash wool
does wool shrink
can you iron wool

 

SILK
What is silk
does silk shrink
how to wash silk
can you iron silk
how to iron silk
can you steam silk
how to get wrinkles out of silk

 

NYLON
What is nylon

Nylon VS Polyester

Is nylon polyester 
does nylon shrink
does nylon shrink in the dryer 
is nylon stretchy  


RAYON
What is Rayon
Is rayon a natural fiber
Is rayon cotton
how to wash rayon
is rayon stretchy
does rayon shrink
what does rayon feel like
is rayon synthetic
is rayon breathable
is viscose rayon


COTTON
What is cotton
cotton vs linen
cotton vs polyester   
cotton vs viscose 
does cotton shrink
does cotton shrink in the dryer
does cotton shrink in the wash
is cotton stretchy
how to wash 100% cotton

 

VISCOSE
What is viscose
does viscose shrink
is viscose stretchy

 

POLYESTER
What is polyester
is polyester warm
how to wash polyester
how to bleach polyester
can you iron polyester
how to iron polyester
can you steam polyester
is polyester stretchy
does polyester shrink
does polyester shrink in the dryer
does polyester shrink when dried
does polyester shrink in the wash

 

LINEN
What is Linen
how to wash linen
can you iron linen
how to iron linen
does linen shrink


LEATHER
What is Leather
does leather shrink
how to wash leather
can you iron leather
How to take care of leather

 

 

All laundry symbols explained

 

I created a nice sheet for you that you can put on your device or print out. Involving every symbol and their meanings. Below are some additional tips.

Iron symbol tips

 
how to iron

1.Never iron something at a higher temperature than recommended!

 

2.If you cannot read a symbol start with the lowest temperature. Increase the heat until the fabric starts getting flat.

 

3. The iron symbols mean exactly that you can iron at a certain temperature. It doesn't mean that you have to iron them. Unwrap the clothes well and put them very flat on a line. A lot of fabrics don't even need ironing.

 

4. The same goes for the iron steam symbol. You can use steam but you don't have to.
 

 

Dry cleaning symbol tips

(Now you will loose some money)

 

When you spot one of those symbols you cannot wash it at home. It becomes a case for the laundry.
 

dry cleaning loose money.gif
 

Bleaching symbol tips

bleach is ruining colors

A good way to ruin colors

 

Bleach only if the symbol indicates you can do it. If you cannot read the symbols on your clothes don't do it.

 

You can only bleach white fabrics. Others loose their color.

 

Bleaching is not a regular way of washing clothes. It is too harsh to fibers. It's a way of getting rid of resistant stains or discolorations from body fats and chemicals. Do not do it because you think it is more hygenic.

 

Tumble dryer symbol tips 

tumble dryer info


Tumble dry only when the symbol appears on the label.

 

Read what kind of washing machine program you need.

 

If you cannot read the label or you spot the tumble dryer symbol crossed never do it.

 

 

 

Why you should never tumble dry

Tumble drying is a much harsher process of drying clothes than air drying. I always recommend drying clothes in fresh air. Slightly wet clothes are also best for ironing. Tumble-dried clothes always leave the machine bone dry. 

 

Only if you have a lack of space or not so much time go for it. 
 

 

How to iron

you hate or love ironing
iron heat function
iron steam function
iron water spray function

You will love it or hate it

 

Before you start you have to check if it's possible to iron the fabric. With some fabrics, it is not possible. 

(How not to poison yourself)

 

The surface of the iron has to be super clean.

No stains, no pieces of fabric, nothing should be on it. Artificial fibers can burn if you iron hot.

The same goes for the fabric you're going to iron and the iron board. Keep them clean with a lint roller.

 

If you cannot iron the fabric be sure that you buy a wrinkle-free garment. You can test it by crushing the fabric in your hand at the clothing store and see how it reacts.

 

If wrinkles are staying and you can iron it: fine but if not don't buy it. 

 

 

How to use your iron

 

Your iron has 3 Functions:

 

1. Heat in various intensities

 

Some fabrics are only getting wrinkle-free with high temperatures. Others would already start to melt or burn at these temperatures.

 

You can go less in temperature. Less is better for the fabric. 

But never go higher than recommended. 

 

 

2. Steam

 

Used for softening the fabric and reaching better flattening results.

 

 

3. Water spray function.

 

Used if wrinkles are very hard to remove. Soaks the garment completely. Can also leave stains if you don't use distilled water.

ioningboard.png
iron steam function

My recommendation: 

 

Either you own only low-temperature fabrics or only high-temperature fabrics. This way fibers cannot burn on your iron and expose you to fumes.

A good ironing board

The best ones are wide and at the end very slim. You can iron trousers super easy with this shape. They fit completely over the board. 

Why you need distilled water

 

Tap water contains minerals and those minerals crystallize. They then clog your iron and fall out ready to damage your fabric. 

 

Why I recommend a piece of linen

 

Always use a linen fabric between your piece and the iron. It prevents melted fabrics from ruining your clothes. Linen because it can handle very high temperatures.

 

 

Starting to iron

Prepare youself!

 

-Your iron reached the right temperature. This is indicated by a lamp or a display symbol.

-You put your slightly wet garment flat and wrinkle-free on the iron board. 

-Start moving your hand with a little pressure from the top to the bottom.

-If you start feeling wrinkles adjust the fabric and repeat the process.

-With the iron move with mild pressure in the same motion as you did with your hands over the fabric.

 

-If the wrinkles are not going away:

 

Repeat the process with steam from your iron. Grab the fabric and pull on it while you keep ironing. Stop when the fabric gets dry.

 

 

What the small end of the board is for

 

It is super good for making parts flat which usually are hard to iron. Like the sleeve beginnings at the shoulder or the edges to the left and right of a collar. The end of the board is great for trousers. If it is slim enough at the tip you can put a pair of trousers all the way on the board.

 

How to wash clothes in the washing machine

how to dry clothes faster

30 C

universal cleaning agent


Finally something easy

 

 

For succeeding in washing clothes you need to know:

 

 

1. What fabric your clothes are made out of (look at the label)

 

 

2. What temperature they can withstand (look at the label and check the sheet here)

 

 

3. If you can wash them in the washing machine (check the label again)

 

 

4. Do you have the possibility to dry them?

 

If you dry them in fresh air:

 

Can you put your clothes in a dry room? Is there a flow of fresh air?

 

 

5. What washing program they need. (check the label)

 

 

 

 

 

All you need to know (And everything to avoid)

 

To know what washing machine program you need check the labels and my download sheet. My sheet explains all symbols.

 

You should always wash at the lowest temperature possible. Usually, that's 30 degrees. 

 

 

Reasons to wash at a low temperature:

 

-Less temperature saves energy

 

-It makes your piece of fabric last longer.

 

-Colors last far longer.

 

Note: If the stains are not going away. Instead of increasing the temperature use more cleaning agent. 

 

 

Flip them always to the left. The result is less friction on the important side.

 

You can wash everything in a washing machine except:

 

-Pieces with dry cleaning symbols

 

-Pieces with hand wash only symbols

 

-Pieces with do not wash symbols

 

If there are no labels on your clothes

 

Go to a good tailor or a very good laundry to ask what kind of fabric it is. Do so because only one wrong cleaning process can already ruin your garment for ever.

 

The cleaning agent: one solution for everything

 

For cleaning, you can use universal cleaning agents.

The one I am linking to is very good. And for very severe stains like red wine stains, you can use vinegar with some baking soda. 

 

 

How to use vinegar and baking soda

-You rub an equal mix of baking soda and vinegar on the stain.

-Wait some minutes and put it in the washing machine. 

-Wash it with the rest of your clothes. 

 

-If that does not work:

Put a couple of tablespoons each of vinegar and soda in some body-warm water together into a vessel. The less water you use the more concentrated and potent the solution will get. 

You soak the garment overnight

After that, you wring out the water. (Check if you can do that. No do not wring symbol on the label.)

-Last wash it in the washing machine. But before make sure you test the solution on a small spot to see if the fabric can handle it.

how to wash washing machine.gif
 

How to wash colored clothes

One thing is for sure. Never wash colors together. Except they are some years old.

 

To be sure it is not ending in a disaster. Create the following color groups:

 

Purple, Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, White, Gray, Black
 

How to wash things by hand

 
how to wash clothes by hand
eye protection
universal cleaning agent

(Without passion for it just give it to the laundry)

 

There are things you cannot wash in the machine. Left with this fact you have 2 options:

 

1.Give it to a laundry

 

2.Wash it by hand on your own

 

 

If for some good reason you choose the 2nd option you will need:

 

-A washing board made out of stainless steel or aluminum or wood

 

-Some chemical resistant gloves

 

-Some eye protection

 

-A vessel large enough to put your clothes into it.

 

-A universal washing agent

 

 

​How to start

 

(How to feel pushed 100 years back in time)

 

You prepare an amount of water that covers the garment well. Measure how much it is so that you can add the right concentration of cleaning agent. The box will always tell you the right amount. 

 

-Put on your gloves and soak the fabric well under a solution that has around 30 degrees Celsius.

 

-Rub the clothes without too much pressure on the washing board.

 

-Repeat the process of dipping it into the solution and rubbing it on the washing board until the stains are removed.

 

If you made it this far you head over the sink. Get rid of the cleaning solution and wash out the garments over the sink under warm water. 

Make sure when you remove the cleaning solution from the fabrics that you use the same temperature as the water from the cleaning solution.

 

Some fabrics, for instance, wool fabrics tend to shrink when they are exposed to temperature changes.
 

How to bleach 

 
how to bleach
how to wash clothes by hand
eye protection
bleach harmful to marble

(something is not getting clean)

 

First, you should only bleach pieces that are white.

And only fabrics which are suitable for bleaching. Check my material list to find it out.

 

Check if it's okay to bleach with chlorine or another bleaching agent. You can find this info on the label inside. If you are unsure what to do also check my info sheet.

 

What you need

 

-Bleach resistant gloves

 

-Eye protection

 

-The right bleaching agent. To figure that out check the clothing label and compare it with my sheet.

Before you buy the agent make sure that it is a type of bleaching agent that can be released back into the water system. 

 

 

-Bleach resistant vessel

 

 

 

Important info

-Be super careful with the gloves you use. They need to withstand the bleach. 

-Please always protect your eyes when you're bleaching.

-You have to measure the right amount of bleaching agent for the amount of water you will use. I prefer hydrogen peroxide. Never use more bleach than required because it can also harm the fabric.

 

 

 

How to bleach a shirt

 

It always says on the label of the bleaching agent what the right mixture is and how long you can let it in the solution. 

After the time is up you wash the garment under a sink.

Go for the instructions since every bleaching agent and brand is different.

After the process, you remove the bleaching agent rests in the sink. Clean the sink very well.

 

Alert: Some surfaces cannot handle bleaching agents. For instance marble.

 

How to dry clothes faster

dry clothes faster
do not use a fan for drying clothes
do not use an iron to dry clothes

(Does not help you if you are really in a hurry)

Before you come up with an idea:

-Please do not use a hair dryer.

-Please do not use your iron.

Why: Your clothes will shrink unless they are shrink free.

 

Finally some good advice

-Open your windows and doors to create an air current.

 

-Clothes dry best in warm dry air

 

-Don't dry in direct sunlight

 

-If they still contain moisture wring them but after that you have to iron them.

 

-Put a fan nearby (but only with a little heat) and let the air escape so that moisture cannot build up. 

 

Drying with a tumble dryer 

drying with a tumble dryer
shrink fabrics

In contrast to the washing machine temperatures, you have to follow the tumble dryer symbols. As I said there might be a very thick fabric that would not dry on any other program than the recommended one.

 

how to dry clothes without dryer

 

In general, it is not good to use a tumble dryer because it's harsh to the fabric. I always recommend a natural drying process. Use the basement or some space in the garden where it is shady. 

 

-Avoid direct sunlight while drying. 

 

-Make sure that wherever you're drying the area is not saturated with moisture. 

 

-Clothes are drying best in warm, dry air currents. 

 

-Open the doors and windows so that there is an air current carrying the moisture away from the garments. 

 

-Avoid very hot heating systems or something hot nearby. Some delicate fabrics might shrink from it. 

 

It is also not a good idea to dry your clothes on a rainy day. The drying process of your clothes might be delayed so bacteria can grow. 

 

-It should not be super cold like lower than minus 15 degrees Celsius. 

 

The only fabrics I would recommend putting into a tumble dryer are very thick blankets. Otherwise, they might not dry quick enough. Leading to bacteria growth.

 

-If you don't have a tumble dryer wring those types of garments out as much as you can, so they can have a chance to dry. But only if the garment has no do not wring symbol inside.

 

-Don't forget:

Before you put anything in a tumble dryer check on the fabrics label if it's suitable for tumble drying.

 

CASHMERE

cashmere

What is cashmere

 

Cashmere is goat hair and also a god of softness. But it has to be from a certain type of goat which shows special hair characteristics. The name comes from the region of Kashmir where the goat breeds are situated. Kashmir is close to the Himalayas. So most of the raw material comes either from Mongolia or China.

 

 

How does cashmere feel?

 

It is very soft, lightweight, and unlike some wool fabrics always very gentle to the skin.
 

 

Cashmere vs Merino

 

Cashmere wins:

Softness


Fluff


Keeping you warm


Weight

Breathability

Depends on the thickness of each fabric.

Perfume
Cashmere is better for perfumes. I tried it out myself. The surface of cashmere is much bigger so perfumes develop themselves better.

Smell
If cashmere gets wet it smells to me like wet hair. If merino wool gets very wet it smells to me like a wet dog.

Cold weather

Hot weather

Both are bad.

Cashmeres unique property: Feeling very warm by still being breathable. But only if the fabric is thin. 

Merino wins:

Price

 

Care difficulty 

Elasticity

Durability

 

Breathability 

Depends on the thickness of each fabric.

 

Hot weather

Both are bad.

Can I use fabric softener on cashmere

No

 

Can you wash cashmere

Yes

 

I washed cashmere at home with this cleaning agent in the washing machine and it worked out well. But there are some things to consider. Not every cashmere is the same. Check the label if you can put it in the washing machine. 

How to wash cashmere

 

 

If it can go in the washing machine:

 

From my experience flip the piece and put on a wool program at 30 degrees Celsius maximum. Only use a little cleaning agent as otherwise, it turns stiff.

 

If possible don't spin it for too long.

 

 

If it cannot go in the washing machine:

 

Hand wash it with a small amount of cleaning agent. Soak it for 5 minutes at a maximum of 30 degrees celsius. But better use cold water if you are unsure. Anyway, stay with the temperature you use.

Does cashmere shrink

 

If you expose cashmere to rapid temperature changes it will shrink. Whatever you do. Never more than 30 degrees celsius.

Can I put cashmere in the dryer

 


No

​Merino wool

 
merino wool

What is merino wool

 

Merino wool is the hair from a sheep. So basically it is wool but a very particular one. There are some merino sheeps that grow a particular type of hair suitable to make clothes out of it. It is finer and softer than regular wool. Also, the hair contains fats and natural chemicals which protect from moisture and bacteria.

 

The more you wash merino wool the more these properties disappear as you wash the substances away.

 

 

Tip: 

-Merino wool has self-cleaning properties. Because of its natural fats, it is reluctant to absorb fats. If you have stains on your merino wool clothing. Let them dry and rub them out of your cloth with some gentle soap and water. 

 

-If you don't sweat into the fabric merino wool stays wearable if you hang it somewhere where lots of fresh air can reach the piece. If it is wet from the cleaning process just let it dry and you will see that it stays fresh.

Does merino wool shrink

 

Yes

 

Like every type of wool, merino is sensitive to rapid temperature changes. To avoid shrinking by any chance hand wash it in cold water. With severe stains at a maximum of 30 degrees celsius.

Wool

 
wool

What is wool

 

Fact: Merino, cashmere, bison hair, etc. is also wool. It just happened that in the fashion language we connect the word wool to sheep hair.

 

 

So in fashion language: Wool is usually the hair from sheep. How this wool feels depends on the type of hair that has been used for the garment. Unlike humans, sheeps have a variety of hair types. The range goes from fine small hair to strong big hairs. And you can feel this variety in the different fabrics. From soft and smooth to harsh and strong.

 

What about the numbers like super80 wool?

 

It is very easy. The higher the number the finer the fiber. The lowest number 80 has about double the hair diameter than the highest number 250.

 

And the higher the number the softer it feels.

 

 

For the geeks

 

The diameter is a maximum. There can always be smaller hairs in it. It means that super 80 wool contains some super 250 hairs. But a super 250 never contains super 80 hairs.

 

How to wash wool

My recommendation: If there is a stain on the wool piece. Let it dry and clean it with some mild soap and a towel. 

 

If you are not sweating too much wool stays good if you put it together with some fresh air. For instance overnight. The natural fat in wool makes it averse of absorbing other fats. That's why regular machine washing is not good. It removes these natural fats.

 

If you want to wash it in the machine

 

Flip the clothes to the left and put on the wool program. Wash with a little universal cleaning agent at 30 degrees celsius max.

Does wool shrink

 

Yes

 

Rapid temperature changes are the worst for wool. Wash either cold or at most at 30 degrees celsius. If you dye wool to recolor it. Increase the temperature slowly while the piece is in the vessel. 

Can you iron wool

 

Yes

 

Find the heat for wool on the dial of your iron. On wool:

Spraying water on it is more effective than steam.

 

Silk

silk
 

What is silk

There are caterpillars who build themselves a cocoon before they turn into a moth. This cocoon consists of a fiber we know as silk. The cocoon is unwrapped as it is one thread from the beginning to the end. They put many of these together to form a yarn. And with the yarn, they weave a fabric.

 

Unique properties of silk: The best natural fiber for bright and vivid colors.
 

 

Does silk shrink

Yes

 

Silk shrinks if:

 

1.It stays covered in water for a long time

 

2. It is heated in the dryer

 

3. It is washed in hot water

 

4. If you iron it too hot while it is wet.
 

How to wash silk

 

There is a silk or delicate program on the washing machine. Flip the clothes and wash only within the same color.

 

If you want to hand wash silk don't soak it in water for too long. Use cold water with a universal cleaning agent or soap. Put it in the vessel, clean it and hang it without wringing the fiber. Absorb the moisture with a towel. And put the silk fabric on top and wrap it so it stays wrinkle-free. 

Can you iron silk

 


 

Yes

 
 

How to iron silk


 

Put the iron to silk temperature on the dial.

 

Iron it best while it is still a bit wet from the laundry.

 

If it has embroidery put a thin linen fabric on top. Otherwise iron from the other side.

Check what the embroidery is made of. If it is polyester lower the temperature to avoid damage. 

Can you steam silk

 

Yes

 

From my experience, it is better to iron a slightly wet piece of silk than to steam iron a dry one.

How to get wrinkles out of silk

 

Make the piece a little wet either with a fine water sprayer or with the iron spray function.

 

Set the iron to silk heat and start ironing on the inner side of the fabric.

 

Before you made sure that you can iron it without wrinkles by moving your hand along the fabric.

You identified every crease and removed it by adjusting the fabric on your board.

 

 

To put wrinkles always to a minimum:

 

Place the silk piece wrinkle-free on a line and dry it without heat.

 

NYLON

NYLON

What is nylon

 

Nylon is a synthetic material based on the raw materials coal and petroleum. It is a strong and durable material. It was for instance used as parachute material in WW2. Nylon is plastic. Still, it absorbs a little water and becomes humid.

Nylon vs Polyester

 
 

Nylon wins: 

Stretch 

 

Pure Nylon stretches more than pure Polyester.

 

 

Strenght 

 

If you have to choose between both the stronger material would be nylon. 

 

 

 

Warm weather

 

Depends on the thickness of the material which is better

 

 


 

Polyester wins: 

 

Pilling 

 

 

 

Color brilliance 

 

Colors look better on polyester

 

 

Moisture resistance 

 

Polyester dries faster.

 

 

Warm weather

 

Depends on the thickness of the material which is better

 

 

Cold weather

 

 

 

Nylon absorbs moisture better. Polyester is better for cold weather as a result.
 

 


 

Is Nylon Polyester

 

No

 

They are made out of the same raw materials but they have different properties.

Does nylon shrink

 

No

 

100% Nylon does not shrink

 


 

 

Does nylon shrink in the dryer 

No

 

100% Nylon does not shrink in the dryer
 

 


 

 

Is nylon stretchy 

 

Yes

Nylon is very stretchy/elastic.

RAYON

 
rayon

what material is rayon

 

Believe it or not, Rayon is wood fiber. Yes, you are likely to wear a tree. But the Rayon fiber itself can also come from for instance cotton. 

 

Why Rayon is like a chameleon

 

The fiber can be transformed into feeling and having the texture of silk, wool, cotton, and linen. They are also very comfortable to wear. Sounds too good to be true? Well, the fabric comes also with some cons.

 

Rayon is usually a bad isolator making it bad for cold weather but good for hot weather.

 

Also, its elasticity is bad. Last and worst in most cases you cannot wash it at home as it is dry cleaning only.

Is rayon a natural fiber

 

Yes

 

Rayon comes primarily from pine, spruce, or hemlock trees. But also bamboo or cotton plants are used.
 

Is rayon cotton

 

No, but cotton can be sometimes the raw material for rayon. Not the fiber used to produce actual cotton but the cellulose coming from the plant.

 

In the case of cotton, plant fiber is used to make fabrics.

 

In the case of rayon, the cotton plant is dissolved into cellulose and this is used as the raw material for rayon fabrics. 
 

How to wash rayon

 

From my experience; Give it to the laundry even if it says that you can wash it in the machine.

 

Rayon has not the durability of other fabrics. Every washing process makes it weaker. Go for dry cleaning at your local laundry.

Is rayon stretchy

 

Either not or almost not.

Does rayon shrink

 

Yes, a lot.

 

As I said don't wash it at home. Even if you can unshrink rayon the process weakens the fiber.
 

What does rayon feel like

 

It depends on the type of rayon. It can feel like silk, wool, cotton, and linen.

Is rayon synthetic

 

No

 

Rayon is a natural material.

Is rayon breathable

 

Yes

 

It is very breathable. I can highly recommend it as summerwear

Is viscose rayon

 

Yes, viscose is a type of rayon.

Where is the difference? Rayon can adapt to many properties. Feel, stiffness, appearance. And under all these different types of rayon viscose is one of them.

COTTON

cotton
 

What is cotton

 

Cotton is the fiber of a plant. The reason why it exists is that the seeds of the plant are inside the fluffy fiber. It makes it easier for the seed to disperse through the wind.

 

The fiber is transformed into yarns and with those manufacturers produce cotton fabrics.

 

Cotton itself, if it is not too dense like mercerized cotton, has nice cooling properties. It absorbs moisture well.

 

 Unlike most wool or silk fibers you can develop skin rash if the fabric is too tight on your body. Cotton is usually nice to touch but under pressure, it gets harsh to the skin.

 

I cannot recommend cotton for doing sport unless it fits loose and is not dense. 

 

It is easy to clean. 

 

For color brilliance, you have to choose either silk or polyester. They perform much better than cotton.

Cotton vs linen

 

Cotton is better

 

Smoothness 

 

You can make Linen as smooth as cotton but you will have to wash it for many months to achieve it. There is also very smooth linen but the price is usually 5-15 times higher than a cotton fabric with the same smoothness.

 

Iron difficulty 

 

Cotton is usually much easier to iron.

 


 

Linen is better

 

Durability

 

Linen is much better. If you expect something to last very long buy Linen instead of cotton.

 

Harshness

If linen fits too tight you will face skin rash. The collar area is most sensitive to this. Check well before you buy. Linen is often scratchy at the very beginning.

 

Appearance 

 

The best linen usually looks more luxurious than the best cotton.

 

Smoothness

 

You can make Linen as smooth as cotton but you will have to wash it for many months to achieve it. There is also very smooth linen but the price is usually 5-15 times higher than a cotton fabric with the same smoothness.

 

Dry time

 

Linen dries faster.

 

Hot weather

 

Having a cotton and a linen fabric of the same density:

 

Linen is better for hot weather. It absorbs a lot and dries fast.
 

Cotton vs Polyester 

 

Cotton is better:

 

Feel/ Comfort 

 

Breathability 

Cotton is better except polyester fibers specially developed for sportswear.

 

 

Polyester is better:

 

Price 

 

Colors 

 

Keeping you warm 

Special developed polesters are better than cotton.

 

 

Sport 

 

​If it is a polyester for sportswear.

 

 

Care difficulty 

 

Elasticity 

 

Durability 

 

You see polyester is much better in many things. But think twice before you buy as polyester is ruining the environment in many ways.

Cotton vs Viscose 

 

Cotton is better:

 

Keeping you warm X 

 

Feel/ Comfort 

 

Depends on the type of fabric

 

 

Care difficulty  

Cotton is much easier to care for.

 

Elasticity 

 

Pure cotton and pure viscose are both not very elastic.

 

Durability 


 

Viscose is better

 

Price 

 

Colors 

What I experienced is that color brilliance is simlilar but prints on cotton are often not so clear.Colors have some noise. (Tiny dots of another saturation.)

 

Feel/ Comfort 

 

Depends on the type of fabric

 

Care difficulty X 

 

Cotton is much easier to care for.

 

Elasticity 

 

Pure cotton and pure viscose are both not very elastic.

 

Durability X

 

Breathability X

 

Viscose fabrics are usually thinner and more breathable.
 

Does cotton shrink

 

Yes

 

But if you follow the temperature recommendations on the label nothing can happen. But, it is different with fabrics that are not pre-washed. This usually happens if you buy a piece of fabric instead of some clothes. Before you do anything with it wash it first.
 

Does cotton shrink in the dryer

 

You don't have to worry about it if you follow the instructions on the label. Simply don't put it too hot.

Does cotton shrink in the wash

 

If you follow the label instructions: No 

Is cotton stretchy

 

Yes

 

But only a little. If you are looking for a fabric with stretching properties go for something else.

How to wash 100% cotton

 

1. Flip the clothes

 

2. Put them in the washing machine. Set the machine to 30 degrees celsius. Regular washing program.

 

3. Add a universal cleaning agent.

 

4. Dry in fresh air

Viscose

 
rayon

What is viscose

 

Viscose is a type of Rayon. There is a tendency to describe a certain type of fabric a viscose. It has the following properties:

 

-Thin material

 

-Not or a little shiny

 

-Wrinkles very easily

 

-Very breathable

 

-Delicate

 

-Not stretchy

Does viscose shrink

 

Yes

 

Give it to the laundry to avoid surprises.

Is viscose stretchy

 

No

POLYESTER

POLYESTER
 

What is polyester

 

-Polyester is created from coal and petroleum. It is plastic and not environmentally friendly. But it has some nice properties. 

 

-For instance, it dries very easily as it cannot absorb moisture. Good for a cold environment full of moisture, bad for heat regulation. 

 

-It is easy to wash, elastic, and has great color brilliance. The touch is often not so nice but there are always exceptions. Just try it out.

 

is polyester toxic

 

First, polyester is toxic for the environment. For its production carcinogenic and toxic chemicals are used.

 

Second, polyester as you can buy in a clothing store is also toxic but in a low concentration. The chemicals are either washed out or appear in a low concentration. That means if you don't want to come into contact with any potentially harmful substances don't buy polyester. But then also don't buy polyester, nylon, rayon, and acrylic. 

 

Some fabrics can be produced toxic free. But you have to research them as they are not common. Keep in mind that toxic free doesnt mean environmental friendly. Regular cotton for instance consumes huge amounts of water.

Is polyester warm

 

It depends on the type of polyester. For instance, polyester fleece keeps body heat well.

How to wash polyester

 

That's easy. Just put the fabrics separate before by colors into the washing machine. Wash at 30 degrees celsius with a universal cleaning agent.

How to bleach polyester

 

First, you can only bleach white polyester. Every other polyester will lose color.

Put the right amount of bleaching agent mixed with water in a vessel. The right concentrations and durations are on the label of your bleaching agent. Head to the point of how to bleach here.
 

Can you iron polyester

 

Yes, but you have to know something important. If you have clothes at home which have to be ironed at a very high temperature be very careful.

Fibers from other fabrics are everywhere in your home. If you don't clean your iron well and treat your fabrics carefully with a lint roller, fibers will burn or emmit chemicals.

 

My recommendation: 

 

Either you own only low-temperature fabrics or only high-temperature fabrics. This way fibers cannot burn on your iron and expose you to chemicals.

How to iron polyester

 

Check for the recommended temperature inside the clothes. Use only a little water or steam as polyester is not absorbing it anyway. It just moves between the fibers. If you stay at the right temperature ironing polyester should be very easy.

Can you steam polyester

 

Yes

 

I recommend steam for polyester as it is not absorbing water anyway.

Is polyester stretchy

 

Yes

 

Pure polyester has some stretching abilities. You can use it or sportswear but except it is a specially developed sport polyester don't expect good cooling properties. With regular polyester, your sweat cannot escape.

Does polyester shrink

 

Yes but only in very hot water, very hot dryer settings or too hot iron settings.

Does polyester shrink in the dryer

 

Only on very hot settings.

Does polyester shrink when dried

 

No, after drying polyester it will not shrink.

Does polyester shrink in the wash

 

Only in very hot water.

Linen

linen
 

What is Linen

 

-Linen is the fiber of the flax plant. The stem of the plant contains long, strong fibers which are processed into fabrics.

 

-The cooling properties of the fabric are very good as the conductivity of the fiber is high. 

 

-The more you wash linen the softer it gets. 

 

-It is almost lint-free making it a good choice for sensitive people. Furthermore, linen is not elastic.

How to wash linen

 

Wash at 30 degrees with a universal cleaning agent. Flip the clothes before washing.

Can you iron linen

 

Yes

How to iron linen

 

You can and have to iron hot as otherwise, wrinkles will not disappear. Spray water first. Should the wrinkles not disappear use steam.

Does linen shrink

 

Yes

To avoid shrinkage wash at 30 degrees celsius. Avoid cold water or big temperature changes as well.

 

Avoid the tumble dryer. If you have to use only low heat. Although linen can handle high heat both hot water and high tumble drying temperatures affect longevity.
 

LEATHER

 
leather

What is Leather

 

Leather is the skin of an animal. It can be cattle but also shark. Treated with chemicals its decay is slowed down by a lot. Under the right circumstances, leather can be still wearable after 50 Years. If it received the proper care.

 

Leather is only a small part of the upper skin usually 0,8-8mm thick. For instance, the whole skin of a cow is about 5cm thick.

 

Is leather ethical

 

No, but its complicated.

 

As long as we have a meat industry where animals are killed for their meat we will have leather as a side product. Not to use it would only add more waste to an already insanely wasteful process.

 

So if I don't eat meat there will be no leather?

 

No

 

Some animals are only bred for their skin. But we are talking about a few luxury items here. The vast majority of leather is provided by the meat industry. In some cases, they are even burned because of their lack of use. Also for the meat industry, it would be impossible to go on if they would only sell the skin. Imagine just how leather prices would explode. So let's say if you are against cruelty it is much better to stop eating meat than to stop consuming leather.

 

But I do understand that wearing leather is also a statement for some people. Let me know what you think.

 

If you are vegan because of your moral values you probably dont want to wear leather at all.
 

Does leather shrink

 

Yes

 

Leather shrinks especially if it gets wet and is then heated. So never expose it to warm heating pipes, sunlight, etc. after walking in the rain. 

How to wash leather

 

First, you have to know if you can wash your piece of leather.

 

You cannot put leather in the washing machine. Either you hand wash it or you give it to the laundry. 

 

For hand washing, you need a leather soap also known as saddle soap.

 

​How to test if you can

 

-On an invisible spot put a tiny drop of water and let it dry.

 

-If a darker spot stays you have a type of leather that creates water stains while drying. 

 

-From my experience (I ruined leather gloves of this leather type trying to clean them) you can only go to the laundry with them. 

 

-Tell them that it is aniline leather and see if they can handle it.

 

 

how to wash a leather jacket

 

-If you have the other type of leather wash with saddle soap and body warm water. 

 

-Protect yourself with gloves and glasses. 

 

-Change the water if it gets too polluted. 

 

-After that let it dry without any heat. The important thing is that you provide the piece with fresh not too moist air. 

 

-After it dried you apply some leather cream. Your leather needs 2 things to be happy: moisturizers and fat/oil. Either you buy a cream which contains both or you buy 2 products.

 

-Apply until the leather cannot absorb more. Put the cream on the piece and wait 30 minutes to 1 hour. If the cream fully disappeared repeat. 

 

-If your leather is well-nourished remove the residues with a towel.
 

Can you iron leather

 

No

 

Please not.
 

How to take care of leather

 

As I mentioned earlier your leather needs moisturizers and fats or oils. A product which contains both is fine but from my experience: the better ones are the products which contain only one of them. Look for: leather fat and leather moisturizers.

 

Use them at least once every month.

 

Use products without color. For removing scratches you use leather care which is the same color as your piece. But it cannot repair the structure. Also buy only products which can be used for your specific type of leather. Those are:

Suede Leather

Patent Leather

Aniline Leather

Smooth Leather

 

 

Leather hates:

 

Salt

 

In the winter here in Europe, the streets are full of salt to get rid of the snow. And if there is something that leather hates it's salt. Hand wash your shoes to get rid of the salt. Dry them in fresh air. Last you apply leather care.

 

 

Being wet+heat

 

Cleaning with harsh cleaning agents

 

Turpentine, alcohol, bleach, disinfectants, and many other evil substances.

Hope I could give you some good advice. If you are by any chance interested in more knowledge or you are looking for some top end clothes feel free to join our club by signing up for my flagship boutique.